Microsoft has made Windows 10 updates automatic with no obvious way to prevent them from installing. There is a tool to prevent problematic update(s) from reinstalling automatically the next time Windows Updates are installed.
To temporarily prevent the update from being reinstalled until an updated fix is available, a troubleshooter is available that provides a user interface for hiding and showing Windows Updates and drivers for Windows 10. You can obtain and run the “Show or hide updates” troubleshooter by downloading it from the Microsoft Download Center:
UPDATE: This tool may not work on the current 1709 Fall Creators update.